10 Facts And Statistics That Assert Why Farmers’ Suicide Is India’s Biggest Crisis
What an irony – 60% of the population depends on agriculture in India and 11.2% of all suicides are farmer suicides, as reported by the NCRB.
The reasons speculated for farmer suicides in India vary from a huge debt burden, the use of Genetically Modified Organisms, drought, unseasonal rain, to the economic policies of the government.
Here are some astounding facts and statistics about the farmer suicides and Indian agriculture, which assert the gravity of the situation:
1. A farmer commits suicide in India every 30 minutes
2. 5 States account for 76% of the farmer suicides – Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Kerala
3. Since 1995, about 3,00,000 farmers have committed suicides
4. Most suicides are by farmers growing cash crops such as cotton and coffee
5. With about 500 suicides already in 2015, Vidarbha region in Maharashtra, is at the core of the problem
6. Vidarbha region is home to about 3.4 million cotton farmers, and 95% of these are debt-ridden
7. The high failure rate and high costs of Genetically Modified Cotton (Monsanto’s Bt Cotton) are often blamed to force farmers into taking large loans
8. The plight of a loan – either the banks won’t sanction their loans smoothly without corruption or they’d have to get loans from money lenders at interest rates as high as 40-50%
9. A considered well-off farmer with as much as 15 acres of land may just be making the legal minimum wage for all 365 days
10. The number of farmer suicides in India is more than twice the total number of suicides committed in the top 100 countries on the suicide list!!
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